A Bagan Temple Route to Follow on Your Own

The weather forecast didn’t look good before I left for Myanmar. I’d booked a hot air balloon flight especially for New Year’s Day but, closer to the date, the chances of rain kept increasing. I hoped I wouldn’t have to activate Plan B and plot a Bagan temple route on a bike in wet weather.

In my dreams, I imagined myself floating in the basket of a hot air balloon over some of Myanmar’s most famous pagodas and stupas as the sun rose. The peace would be interrupted occasionally by the hissing of the burner above, while people below aimed their cameras at us.

It was not to be

I opened my eyes on the morning of my balloon flight and it was pissing down. How could this be, in the middle of the dry season? Check out this article on how the unseasonal rain affected the farmers. Needless to say, the flight was cancelled. If I wanted to see those temples, I had to rent an e-bike and ride there. Bicycles were available and cheaper, but after the pain of cycling around Angkor, I decided against renting them.

The wet, overcast weather meant that there were no pretty skies. However, it also meant that foreign tourists were a tiny minority over the holiday, and the plains didn’t turn into a dustbowl. Hundreds of temples dot the area, thanks to the attempts of Buddhist Myanmese kings to make merit over the centuries, and it would’ve been impossible to see them all. Instead, I picked out the most interesting ones.

Here’s the route that I took, with some modifications and useful information from my art history classes. I’ve included a Google Map at the end.

My Bagan temple route, starting in New Bagan

From the roundabout in front of Ostello Bello, in the middle of New Bagan, I headed west, then turned right onto the main road, in the direction of the Myinkabar village. Before the lanes split around a shrine in the middle of the road, you’ll pass Nagayon on your right. You can’t miss it or the massive brick wall that goes around it and it’s still very intact, so you can explore it if you wish.

Nagayon temple, Bagan

The gleaming white Manuha temple is next up on the left. It’s the replacement for the smaller and older Nanphaya – go through the gate on the left and up the ramp/steps to reach it. What’s interesting is the presence of reliefs of the deity Brahma inside. You rarely hear about the impact of Hinduism in Myanmar, so it came as a surprise to me. The 1975 earthquake felled the standing Buddha inside, while 2016’s disaster damaged the friezes outside. Be aware that the stallholders outside can be rather persistent.

Nanpaya on the Bagan temple route

Brahama reliefs inside Nanpaya, Bagan

Rejoin the road and keep heading north. After the shops, you will reach Gubyaukgyi on the right. It houses the Myazedi Stone, a four-sided stele that dates has inscriptions in Mon, Pyu, Burmese and Pali (a derivative of Sanskrit) that date from 1113. It’s the oldest surviving inscription of the Burmese language.

Myazedi stone, Bagan

Old Bagan

You’ll pass the massive stupa of Mingalarzedi on the left before the first junction. Sadly, it’s closed for repairs Keep going straight and you’ll enter Old Bagan and pass another white temple, Gawdawpalin. Follow the bend to the right; if you decide to split off and keep going straight you’ll end on the bank of the Irrawaddy river at Bupaya. What you see today was rebuilt after the 1975 earthquake. It’s still quite a sight with all that water in the background.

Gawdawpalin on the Bagan temple route
Gawdawpalin

Back on the main road, I didn’t stop at the Bagan Palace ruins or enter the village surrounding the impressive Ananda Temple. Note that this is one of the places where you may actually get your Bagan entry pass checked.

There might be a traffic jam around Tharabar, the last surviving gate of Old Bagan because it is not passable to four-wheeled vehicles. Nonetheless, you can ride through it and over the moat.

Riding through Tharabar Gate in Bagan

Nyaung U

Keep going towards Nyaung U. On the left, there is a very long passage that leads to the busy Shwezigon temple and it is lined with countless shops. They’ll even offer to look after your bike. However, there’s something else worth checking out. Follow the side road in front of the passage and the signs to Kyanzittha Umin, a cave temple with recently-restored 13th-Century wall paintings. No photos allowed inside, and it’s not a good idea to touch the paint either.

Kyanzittha Umin, Bagan temple

The lane that runs alongside the passage eventually rejoins the Nyaung U Road. If you’re peckish at this point, there are plenty of restaurants, in the side lanes but I didn’t sample any of them. You’ll have no lack of options, however.

If you have no intention of checking out Mani Sithu market for the produce and souvenirs, turn right at the junction in front of it. Keep following the road and it will sweep to the right. You’ll know it when you pass the traffic island that Sapada Phaya stands on.

Shwezigon in Bagan
Shwezigon temple
Sapada Paya, Bagan
Sapada Paya

Wetkyi-in

On your right, you’ll find Wetkyi-in Gubyaukgyi well-signposted. Besides the tall pyramid tower, it’s known for its frescoes that feature the Jatakas, or scenes from the previous lives of the Buddha. You can step inside to take a look but photography of any sort isn’t allowed. A colonial-era thief left the cut marks around each of the scenes in 1899.

Wetkyi-in Gubyaukgyi, Bagan

Minnanthu

Keep following the road and you’ll reach Minnanthu and the edges of Old Bagan. It features the most famous and magnificent temples in Bagan but you won’t be able to see them from the main road and many are still undergoing repairs. They include:

  • Buledi and Sulamani, both beautiful temples that lost their spires in 2016;
  • Dhammayangyi, the formidable domed pyramid built by a bloodthirsty king to atone for killing his father and brother;
  • Shwesandaw, which reportedly houses a Buddha hair relic and can no longer be climbed; and
  • Thatbyinnyu, the tallest pagoda in the region, now covered with tarpaulin.

If you ride around to the south side of Dhammayangyi, you’ll reach North Guni and South Guni. You can climb the latter and get a wonderful view of the above sites and many more. Rejoin the main dirt road and head towards Dhammayazika; many smaller temples line it and you can climb a few of them to another great view. I’ve marked on the Google Map of the Bagan temple route.

Bagan landscape
Dhammayangyi with Shwesandaw, Thatbyinnyu and Ananda in the distance

Once you pass Dhammayazika and reach the asphalt road, turn right and you’ll return to New Bagan via the east. By this time, you’ll be dusty, muddy or both, but you would’ve seen the main highlights of Bagan on less than US$4.

Tips for riding an e-bike in Bagan

  • It should cost just 5,000 kyats to rent a bike for the whole day. Most of the shops open early for sunrise seekers.
  • Some guidebooks and blogs will tell you that it’s impossible to last more than half a day on a single charge. I rode more than nine hours using lots of ‘lift and coast’ (Thanks, Formula E!). Use just enough throttle for your desired speed and minimise the need to accelerate. Let go of the throttle early when you want to slow down and use the brakes as little as possible.
  • Bagan’s roads can get very dusty during the dry season, especially behind trucks and tour buses. Consider bringing a face mask and goggles for your own comfort. In the dark, leave a big gap to the vehicle in front. Bring water and store it under the seat or in the cup holder, if the bike has one.

Safety

  • If this is your first time riding an e-bike or any kind of moped, ride around the block first. Get used to moving off from a standing start; apply the brakes lightly and twist the throttle gently. The acceleration will come instantaneously. Most importantly, make sure those brakes work.
  • Record the shop’s number physically and on your phone. It’s important in case the battery goes flat, you get a flat tyre or the bike is damaged.
  • Keep right and ride in a single file on paved roads. While Myanmese drivers will usually give you plenty of room when passing, you have to give them the space to do so too.
  • Eyes on the road! It’s tempting to turn your head to admire the scenery. If you want to pull over and take photos, check that it’s safe using your mirrors.
  • When riding off-road, stick to the packed dirt, such as the tyre tracks left by cars. If you get too close to the edge of the path, you’ll hit loose sand and skid.

Tips on visiting Bagan’s temples

  • Dress modestly: Locals will frown upon bare shoulders and daisy dukes. Bring a sarong or buy a cheap longyi if you need one.
  • The stairs inside the temples that you can climb are steep and rarely illuminated. Use the flashlight on your phone, and if the descent is too steep, face the steps and treat them like a ladder, or turn sideways.
  • You may encounter bats or hornets in the quieter places, so watch your head
  • The Bagan entry pass that you get when you enter the city is valid for a week. If you’re not staying long and don’t think it’s ethical to let the government get your 25,000 kyats, you can try blagging one from somebody who just left town, perhaps in Mandalay. My pass wasn’t checked in most of the temples anyway.

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